Located on a rocky spur of the Leiranco Mountain southeast slope, this site is one of the most important castros in the Terva River Valley. It occupies an area with approximately six hectares and is positioned at over nine hundred meters of altitude. The site location offers favourable natural security conditions and a visual control over the initial part of the Terva River Valley basin.

The defensive system consists of three wall lines.

In the image it is perceptible the fall of one of the wall lines. Photo TR/VB

The defensive system consists of three wall lines: the first line bounds the acropolis area, the second performs the most prominent line due to the impressive demolishment associated with it and structures the habitat intermediate platform; and the third wall line bounds the lower settlement terrace and reaches the small promontory that abruptly cuts the existing slope on the southeast side. The northwest area was the most vulnerable part of the settlement, however a field of rocks planted on the soil and currently tipped on their vast majority protected the site.

Wall line. Photo TR/VB

In the platforms de ned by the wall lines, the buildings are evident and there are abundant ceramic fragments of different production on the surface. It is believed the site was already occupied on the fourth/third centuries BC.


Dirt roads are not suitable for lightweight passenger vehicles.

Learn more about the Terva Valley Archaeological Park (TVAP) here.

Source: Unidade de Arqueologia da Universidade do Minho 2014, Rotas do Parque Arqueológico do Vale do Terva, Câmara Municipal de Boticas, Boticas.