With about 60 km2 and 47 archaeological sites identified, the Terva Valley Archaeological Park (TVAP) – a joint project of the Municipality of Boticas and the University of Minho -, justifies several visits to Boticas.

Visiting the TVAP is a unique experience. The variety of paths and landscapes allows for all the experiences, making journeys quiet or following challenging routes that raise the levels of adrenaline to the maximum.

The Interpretive Center (TVAPIC) located in the village of Bobadela is the entrance to the park. The exhibition contents make the bridge to the fruition of the landscape and the heritage, proposed through 6 thematic itineraries of visitation. Mining Sites, Iron Age Hillforts (Castros), Ancient Roads, Environment (Natura), Villages and Ancient Rock Carvings (the last one is not signaled on the ground).

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Visit Boticas has selected 5 TVAP sites with pedestrian paths less than 1 km (return not included) that you will want to know.

Settlement of Batocas

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Near the village of Ardãos, the Roman Settlement of Batocas (Mining Sites Route), currently being the object of archaeological studies, is always a good option for a walking tour. It is only 900 meters from the road that goes to Seara Velha and the route is very beautiful.

Brejo Lagoon

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The Brejo Lagoon (Environment Route), is the end result of an ancient open-pit mining exploitation site and currently stands as an extraordinary ecological niche where ora and fauna species interact in a particular manner. The high value of these species is paramount in the overall understanding of the Terva River Valley biodiversity. About 750 meters from the TVAPIC.


Souto Escuro Rock Carvings

Gravuras Rupestres do Souto Escuro
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Also near the village of Bobadela, there is the most important collection of ancient rock carvings of the county, the Souto Escuro 1 Rock Carvings (Ancient Rock Carvings Route), that impress by the monumental scale and art. The pedestrian hike of about 500 meters is not signaled on the ground, but VB helps you to get there!

Click on the picture to enlarge.

It is recommended to use a GPS navigation system or equivalent smartphone application. Coordinates: N 41.72397° W7.62765°.

Hillfort of Sapelos

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The Hillfort of Sapelos (Iron Age Hillforts Route) is located on an elongated spur promontory, benefiting from a privileged view over most of the Upper Terva River Valley. This site is included in the list The 10 most spectacular views of Boticas. About 700 meters from the national road 103. We recommend that you park the car near the bus stop Sapelos (concrete construction), 200 meters from the start of the signposted route.

Hillfort of Cabeço

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Over a head halfway down the southern slope of the Leiranco Mountain, dominating the wide veiga that extends to the Terva River from Bobadela to Boticas, rises the Hillfort of Cabeço, secured by three rugged wall lines. In the western part, a large and deep moat with an exterior grade preceded the defensive walls. About 500 meters from the national road 103, after the village of Sapiãos (direction Montalegre).

In the Interpretation Center of the TVAP in Bobadela are provided maps with the information indispensable to the realization of the routes.

Source: Unidade de Arqueologia da Universidade do Minho 2014, Rotas do Parque Arqueológico do Vale do Terva, Câmara Municipal de Boticas, Boticas.

Tiago Rodrigues

Tiago Rodrigues is a graphic designer and art editor at UMinho Editora. He founded Visit Boticas in 2017, where he performs various functions, from management and editorial direction, to design and production of content.