Far from the urgency with which one lives in the cities, in the Terva Valley life has another compass, the time as it dilates and the feeling of constant delay to reach the destination is diluted in the wise calm with which everything is done, in its time, in its space.

The time for remembrance is plentiful. On a very unique time scale where the days seem longer, between the arduous labour and the leisure time, people remember, tell and retell; and this persistence in not forgetting, in bringing the past to the present, enables one to persist and to generate new spaces, new times, new identities and new voices.


In this repetition/reconstruction of memories one finds the villages of Ardãos, Nogueira, Bobadela, Sapelos and Sapiãos immersed in unique and authentic values, turning the experiences of whoever goes through the life of these villages, even if for a day, unforgettable.


Located at the foothill of the Pindo Mountain, the village of Ardãos manages one of the broadest agricultural alveolus in the northwest area of the Terva riverhead. Villagers continuously exploit the land as their main economical agro-pastoral resource. Simultaneously, Ardãos is located on the trajectory of an old transport road in the Barroso highlands, corresponding to the layout of the XVII Roman road connecting Bracara Augusta (Braga) to Asturica Augusta (Astorga) via Aquae Flaviae (Chaves).

Community oven of the people of Ardãos. Photo TR/VB

The urban setting preserves the houses of traditional architecture that shape narrow and sinuous streets converging into public squares and still maintaining the medieval model.

To visit São Roque Chapel, Santo António Chapel, Parish Church, Senhora das Neves Sanctuary, Communal Furnace, Diving Fountains, Stone Cross, Traditional Housing.


The Bobadela village is located on a small elevation in the eastern foothill of the Leiranco Mountain between meadows, elds and woodlands. Its location on the valley border is intimately related with the agro-forest-pastoral exploitation of the land, a common practice existing in all the Terva River Valley villages.

Detail of Casa das Memórias. Photo TR/VB

Preserving its original medieval plan, the village maintains the distribution of streets and their articulation with small public squares that are crossed, on a daily basis, by the villagers on their labour and leisure circuits. These public areas are the places where decisions are made in terms of common interests, whenever it becomes necessary.

TVAP Interpretation Centre. Photo TR/VB

Here in Bobadela, the know-hows are refined by the secular practices, they are transmitted from generation to generation and materialized in several items and tools of daily use preserved with care by the population and exhibited in the Memories House (the old Rural Museum). This is the village where the Terva Valley Archaeological Park Interpretation Centre (TVAPIC) is based. The space was adapted from the old parish house.

To visit Parish Church, São Lourenço Chapel, Memories House, the Family Macedo House, Stone Cross, Traditional Housing, Communal Furnace, Sundial, Manueline Window, Watermill.


The village of Nogueira is located on the foot-hill of the Leiranco Mountain eastern slope, at around 1km distance from the village of Bobadela, to which it is bounded since the foundation of the municipality of Boticas, in 1836.

Village of Nogueira. Foto TR/VB

With very unique shared traditions, the Meadows of the Communal Ox (Lamas do Boi do Povo)* are auctioned annually or every five years, locally.

To visit São Mamede Chapel, São Caetano Chapel, Communal Furnace.
* Meadows destined to exclusively feed the communal ox.


The village of Sapelos is located on the foothill of the Facho Mountain western slope, on the western border of the Terva River Valley, and dominates the wide and fertile agricultural lands on the left margin of the Terva River. On site, two important and ancient transport circuits, coming from Arcos and Beça, converge. The trajectories change direction in Sapelos towards Chaves via the Tâmega valley.

Portal House. Photo TR/VB

With the traditional granite houses longitudinally distributed and accompanying the old road, some buildings in Sapelos exhibit a more conscious architecture and include some carefully built portals that are embellished with neoclassical details.

To visit Santo Amaro Chapel, Portal House, Stone Cross, Communal Furnace, Senhor dos Milagres Sanctuary.


The village of Sapiãos was established on the foothill of the Leiranco Mountain southern slope fixating the ancient connection between Chaves and Braga through the inner part of the Minho region, via Beça and Cabeçeiras de Basto, on a strategic site equally serving the current connection with Montalegre. The village maintains its rural surroundings that include elds and woodlands bounded to the agro-forest-pastoral economy dominating the region for a long period of time.

Village of Sapiãos. Photo TR/VB

The traditional houses are of granite; they are distributed throughout a slope in narrow and sinuous streets still preserving their medieval morphology and shaped by the crossing of an ancient transport connection.

From the medieval period are the anthropomorphic graves located at the Pássaros site and the late Romanesque chapel located on the village cemetery.

Pássaros medieval graves. Photo TR/VB

To visit São Pedro Parish Church, Old Church (Cemetery Chapel), Nossa Senhora dos Anjos Chapel, Calvário, Stone Crosses, Pássaros medieval graves, Souls Cross, Bridge, Covered Fountain.

Source: Unidade de Arqueologia da Universidade do Minho 2014, Rotas do Parque Arqueológico do Vale do Terva, Câmara Municipal de Boticas, Boticas.