Mining Sites Route


In Roman times (first century BC/ fourth century AC), the Terva River upper valley witnessed a new territorial occupation focused on the intensive exploitation of the region mineral resources, in particular the gold primary deposits.

The wide ancient mining complex of the Terva River upper valley included the important Roman mining sites of Batocas and Carregal and the extraction areas of Batocas, Limarinho, Poço das Freitas and Brejo. On site, broad ‘cuts’ of open-pit mining, several galleries, wells, embankments and canals have been identified in a landscape profoundly marked by trenches of variable amplitudes that coexist with residual granite pyramids and lagoons. This is a land where climax vegetation has developed and is dominated by oak tree woodlands.

This mining complex, an unparalleled site in Northern Portugal, has unique features in terms of authenticity, originality and monumentality and a heritage value of high scientific, historical and cultural interest. It has been classified as a Site of Public Interest (Decree-law nº 386/2013, Diário da República, 2.a series-Nº 115-18, June 2013).


Mines of Poço das Freitas

TVAP / Mining Sites Route Located between the Calvão and Vidoeiro brooks, the site known as Poço das Freitas is one of the most significant testimonies related with the ancient mining activity on the Terva Valley. The extraction site covers an area with around 1000 meters in the North/ South direction and 700 meters between […]

Mines of Limarinho

TVAP / Mining Sites Route The ‘cuts’ and the lagoon in Limarinho resulting from the mining exploitation process perform the one of the most remarkable landscape expressions of the ancient mining activities on the Terva Valley. In Limarinho, the overwhelming scale of the open-pit mining is evident alongside the conducted extraction areas in the landscape, […]

Mines of Batocas

TVAP / Mining Sites Route The Batocas mining extraction site is located between the watercourses of Ardãos and Sangrinheira, it has around 550 meters in its North/South direction and 260 meters between the East and West. Dense oak tree forests, and the occasional small lagoon, currently cover the area. The mining site includes wide ‘cuts’ […]

Mines of Brejo

TVAP / Mining Sites Route In an area measuring approximately twelve hectares between Bobadela and Castro do Brejo, there are several open-pit trenches and gaps of varied orientations, sizes and widths alongside the remains of galleries and side slopes. Around the old Forest Guard House there is the lagoon of Brejo, corresponding to an old […]

Maps with the indispensable technical information for the realization of the routes are provided in the Interpretation Center of the TVAP in Bobadela.


Source: Unidade de Arqueologia da Universidade do Minho 2014, Rotas do Parque Arqueológico do Vale do Terva, Câmara Municipal de Boticas, Boticas. / Photography: TR