Boticas has a high diversity and natural richness, which is reflected in the quality of the landscapes that dress the region and is evidenced by the presence of numerous species of animals and vegetables with conservation status.
The geomorphology of the terrain, which sometimes complicates access to some regions, has allowed natural ecosystems to remain well preserved for years. In some situations, human activity has contributed to the enrichment of natural ecosystems and to the attachment of many species, such as agricultural ecosystems and the creation of clearings for pastures.
The geographical diversity that prevails in Boticas, ended, also, to dictate its laws, when it was tried to manage the space. A village of Boticas can be defined as a handful of houses erected around one or more squares, from where the streets start, with an ideal width to allow the movement of oxcarts, but in one direction. When there was a need to move, in the opposite direction, the passage of the other vehicle, if not several herds of cattle, goats and sheep, was to be expected in a large or a house entrance. It is hardly possible to understand such a settlement without the obligatory presence of such animals.
Crucial element in all the villages is the obligatory presence of the church, being this one in the head of the parish, and of the chapel, when it is a village.
Although not always the church defines the epicenter of the town, it was to her that the various streets converged, because it was also there that much of the daily life of each parish passed: the feasts in honor of the patron saint, the most important cyclical festivities of the calendar liturgical and the typical rites of the Christian-Catholic religion.
Source: Associação de Municípios do Alto Tâmega 2007, Atlas/ Guia das Rotas do Alto Tâmega, Chaves. / Photography: TR