Ancient Roads Route


The consolidation of the Roman domain over the peninsular northwest brought a new territorial organization based upon the foundation of cities and the development of itineraries connecting the existing urban areas with wider important centres located in Galecia.

At the time, the current TVAP territory was part of the Conventus Bracarensis and was crossed, from west towards the east, by an important military Roman road connecting Bracara Augusta (Braga) to Asturica Augusta (Astorga) via Aquae Flaviae (Chaves). This was the XVII Roman road that accompanied the Terva river valley head between Ardãos and Seara Velha. Listed in the Antonine Itinerary in the third century of our era, this particular trajectory was structured and developed during the emperor Augustus reign (first century), as documented by some of the milestones signalling the circuit.

With the consolidation of the Portuguese Kingdom in the Middle Ages, a new settlement was structured and served by a new transport network system. The trajectories crossing the valley and running North-South were further developed in the TVAP area, which was, at the time, included in the Terra de Barroso region. There was also a reinforcement of a southern connection between Chaves and Braga via Carvalhelhos and Salto.

Castelo da Contenda Medieval Road

TVAP / Ancient Roads Route With the medieval territorial restructuring, a new regional transport network system was established and the connection between Chaves and the Minho region was no longer operated through the ancient trajectory via the Montalegre region. Instead, the connection included southern circuits via Alturas do Barroso-Ruivães and Salto-Rossas; this change is likely […]

XVII Roman Road

TVAP / Ancient Roads Route Based upon documental, oral and historiographical archaeological data, it has been established that the layout of the ancient Roman road running across Pindo, Ardãos, Senhor do Bonfim and Seara Velha corresponded to a section of the Roman trajectory connecting Braga to Astorga through Chaves – the XVII Roman road listed in […]

Maps with the indispensable technical information for the realization of the routes are provided in the Interpretation Center of the TVAP in Bobadela.

Source: Unidade de Arqueologia da Universidade do Minho 2014, Rotas do Parque Arqueológico do Vale do Terva, Câmara Municipal de Boticas, Boticas.